Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Plato and Aristotle Nearly all humans have the goal to live a virtuous and happy life. Two of the world most acknowledged philosophers, Plato and Aristotle, had their own views on this central issue. Plato supported the understanding view; he believed understanding is the key to living a virtuous life. Aristotle supported the habit and action view; he believed that individuals become virtuous by continuous moral actions. By and large both philosophers have a good standpoint; but in my judgment one has a stronger line of reasoning. Plato supports the view of understanding over custom and tradition. He believes that individuals should acquire the knowledge to understand something and then start performing the action. Plato saysÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦His position demonstrates to us that understanding helps us do good and doing good means living a virtuous life. I believe that PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s view is acceptable. A human must understand the actions he or she is going to perform; it is beneficia l for us to know what we are doing before we do it. For example in any kind of organization you need understanding and knowledge of the action over tradition and custom, because knowledge is more widely accepted than tradition and custom. Tradition and custom vary from place to place, but knowledge and understanding are universal. Aristotle, PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s student, invented his own view about virtuous living. Aristotle believes that individuals acquire character virtues threw actions that are repeated continuously. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"Virtue of character results from habit, hence its name Ã¢â¬ËethicalÃ¢â¬â¢, slightly varied from Ã¢â¬ËethosÃ¢â¬â¢.Ã¢â¬ (pg.14) He says that none of the virtues that are in our character arise naturally; instead they are embedded in us by continuous actions. For example a soldier becomes brave threw continuous acts of bravery, the repetitive actions someway conditions him, and the virtue becomes a character in him. Aristotle also points out t hat an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s character virtues can also be in surplus or in lower; an individual can have too much bravery and be considered reckless;Show MoreRelatedClassical Greek Conceptions Of Knowledge Essay1044 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe Analogy of the Sun and the Good, Plato uses SocratesÃ¢â¬â¢ perspective on knowledge to discuss the intelligible and sensible worlds to relay an underlying message about knowledge and its universal importance. Continuing to follow this Socratic philosophy, Plato introduces his Allegory of the Cave to depict the problem of ignorance using the metaphorical darkness of the cave and the symbolic chains preventing humanity from attaining uncorrupted knowledge. Aristotle forges his own path as he describesRead MoreThe Formations Of The Mankind System1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNotwithstanding, in order to inquire into this controversial aspect, it would be necessary to turn to the prime sources of philosophy such as ancient works of Plato and Aristot le and analyze their approaches to Ã¢â¬Å"justiceÃ¢â¬ . For these two prominent political philosophers justice is a key concept and a virtue to build up the best state. Despite the fact that Aristotle was PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s best student, and they both are considered to be the most preeminent figures of the ancient times, their views on philosophical mattersRead MoreAttic Romanticism : Reason And Imagination1705 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdescribed as recreating experiences without them physically occurring, as well as bringing an artistic touch to these experiences. There is a general agreement that while Reason and Imagination work best in conjunction with one another, Imagination is a stronger driving force for Poetry since it is a more abstract art form. Those who argue for Poetry driven by Reason also seem to believe it should be done away with altogether. The distinction between Reason and Imagination and the effect both have on shapingRead More aristotle Essay859 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pag es Aristotle Politics Aristotle in his book politics, argues that the political association is the highest form of human association , and making all his conclusions based on the assumption that Ã¢â¬ËpolisÃ¢â¬â¢ is the best and only sensible political system. He further adds that political association is the most sovereign and aims at the highest good Politics is largely an attempt to determine or rather prove that political association is the best suited way for securing the happiness of its membersRead MoreHow Do Reason and Imagination Shape Poetry?1979 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesdescribed as recreating experiences without them physically occurring, as well as bringing an artistic touch to these experiences. There is a general agreement that while Reason and Imagination work best in conjunction with one another, Imagination is a stronger driving force for Poetry since it is a more abstract art form. Those who argue for Poetry driven by Reason also seem to believe it should be done away with altogether. The distinction between Reason and Imagination and the effect both have on shapingRead MoreAristotelian Rhetoric: An Evolution of SophistÃ¢â¬â¢s Discredited Methodology1866 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Scholars of rhetoric consider the Greek philosopher, Aristotle, one of the great contributors to our present understanding of this art which, since its early origins and until present, has been a controversial field of study because of its association with persuasion and influence. However, an examination of ancient rhetoric and its development by the Sophists and then a study on AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s theory on rhetoric and how he concluded his findings direct our attention to whether this Greek philosopherRead MorePlato Vs Aristotle Vs Plato1814 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesPlato and Aristotle had a considerable amount of differences in ideology given that Aristotle was PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s student for roughly two decades. Plato, a student of Socrates, opposed the idea of average citizens to participate in politics because he believed that political practice was skill or Ã¢â¬Å"technÃâ that can only be achieved by a few people. He believed that Ã¢â¬Å"kings must be those among them who have proved best both in philosophy and where war is concerned.Ã¢â¬ (Republic, 491) and that these Ã¢â¬Å"philosopherRead MoreAristotle s Theory Of Falling1747 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesa sphere are not convincing ; however, his hybrid argument combining a priori and empirical claims based on his theory of falling succeeds in displacing Pre-Socratic Cosmology and empirically grounding the creation cosmology of PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s Timaeus. Aristotle inherited a tradition of cosmologies espoused by the Presocratics beginning with Thales, Ã¢â¬Å"The Earth floats on water, which is in some way the source of all thingsÃ¢â¬ (Kirk B13) . The tradition continues with Anaximenes, Ã¢â¬Å"The earth is flat and ridesRead MoreAristotle s Philosophy As A Way Of Life Essay2134 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pageswhich the Aristotelian sages raise themselves to the realm of the divine mindÃ¢â¬ . Although Aristotle does not address sagacity directly in any of his major works, in one recovered excerpt of Prorepticus, Aristotle begs the question: Ã¢â¬Å"what more accurate stand or measure of good things do we have than the sage [?]Ã¢â¬ in a work encouraging young people to study philosophy. As this is the only direct account of Aristotle speaking of the sage, it can be incurred that his construction of the archetype is in alignmentRead More Aristotelian Rhetoric: Progression of Sophists Nascent Teachings2545 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesScholars a nd historians of rhetoric consider the Greek philosopher, Aristotle, one of the great contributors to our present understanding of this art which, since its early origins and until present, has been a controversial field of study because of its association with persuasion and influence. However, readings of the many ancient and contemporary texts and analyses of the origins and the developments of this ancient art marginalized the role of the Sophists, who were the first to introduce rhetoric
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Portfolio Essay: Chinua Achebe Chinua Achebe is a renowned Nigeria novelist lauded for his work in literature. Chinua Achebe has been credited with numerous works of literature ranging from novels to journals. His work cuts across borders, making huge success and accepted globally in the world of literature. Even critics had to accept Chinua Achebe is the greatest our time, such was Charles H Rowell a literary critic issued in Callaloo a reputable magazine. There was no surprise when Chinua Achebe won the 1972 Commonwealth prize, he obviously deserved it, following his contribution to the world of literature. He has also been awarded an indefinite number of doctorates in various educational institutions across the seven continents (Africa). First, Achebe was born in the Ogidi eastern part of Nigeria. He was born thirty years before Nigeria got her independence from the British government on November 16th, 1930. A day marked historically in African calendar. He was raised in the Chris tian faith, even though Christianity as a religion was somewhat new in the community. Achebe, as a kid was interested in the local religions of the community as those, seem appealing to him through his friends. He participated in some of the traditional religion activities such as festivals and parades. Achebe in high school was exposed to the writings of several authors, most English writers probably due to the colonization ofShow MoreRelatedChinua Achebe s Life Of Literature830 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Chinua Achebe is a renowned Nigeria novelist lauded for his work in literature. Chinua Achebe has been credited with numerous works of literature ranging from novels to journals. His work cuts across borders, making huge success and accepted globally in the world of literature. Even critics had to accept Chinua Achebe is the greatest our time, such was Charles H Rowell a literary critic issued in Callaloo a reputable magazine. There was no surprise when Chinua Achebe won the 1972 Comm onwealth prizeRead MoreImperialism In The 19Th Century Resulted In European Countries1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescontrolling the social and cultural lives of natives in African countries.When Chinua Achebe published Things fall apart in 1958, a novel criticizing the European aspects of imperialism, his aspiration was to teach readers that Ã¢â¬Å"their past-with all its imperfections-was not one long night of savagery from which the first Europeans acting on GodÃ¢â¬â¢s behalf delivered themÃ¢â¬ (Chinua Achebe on the Role of the African Writer, 1964). Chinua Achebe helped change the western perception of African culture by using theRead MoreIgbo Culture : The Igbo People1643 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesUnpiled Chi Quote: The Igbo culture relies on a man trusting his gut. Ã As the proverb says, When a man says yes, his Chi says yes also (Achebe 19). My Ideas: The Igbo people refer their Chis their own personal god. A man should trust his own gut and mind in the Igbo society and they know that his Chi will agree with what he do. This is also saying that men should be responsible for their actions because ofthe fact that their Chi will always agree with them and cannot change their mind. Read MoreThings Fall Apart By Chinua Achebe1415 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagespivotal in the development of a young mind and the book Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe does just that. This book should be taught in schools because it shows the values and traditions of AchebeÃ¢â¬â¢s Igbo culture, persistently teaches life lessons throughout the book, and shows the darker reality of European colonialism in Africa. Chinua Achebe is known as one of the most influential and famous authors to ever write. Chinua Achebe originates from an Igbo background and he expresses that through his writingsRead MoreDead Men s Path By Chinua Achebe940 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWRT-201 November 11, 2014 Mena Mahany Dr. Tomko Dead MenÃ¢â¬â¢s Path The real world is objectively studied; so, we must step down from the ivory tower of institutional education and experience empirical quandaries. The short story, Dead MenÃ¢â¬â¢s Path by Chinua Achebe is a lesson learned parable that accepts the secular sciences for its progressive teachings. The main character Michael Obi embraces an intellectual prophet persona that he arrogantly flaunts in order to sensationalize his new promotion as headmasterRead MoreBiography of Chinua Achebe2083 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesChinua Achebe: Africa most beloved author The Prominent Igbo writer, famous for his novels describing the effects of western customs and values on traditional African society. AchebeÃ¢â¬â¢s satire and his keen ear for spoken language have made him one of the most highly esteemed African writers in English. Chinua Achebe was born in eastern Nigeria on November 16, 1930 Isaiah and Janet Achebe (Bucker pars.1). Isaiah Okafor Achebe was a catechist for the Church Missionary Society and his wife to traveledRead MoreChinua Achebe : The Invention And Mastery Of Modern African Literature1695 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In her essay Chinua Achebe: The Invention and Mastery of Modern African Literature Emeka Aniagolu labels Chinua Achebe as Ã¢â¬Å"the single most important literary figure in modern African literatureÃ¢â¬ (1). Aniagolu goes on to praise Achebe as Ã¢â¬Å"perhaps the most well-known, most widely read, most translated, and most widely respected modern African writer, novelist and polemical essayistÃ¢â¬ , especially considering he as been crowned as the inventor of modern African literature (1). The praise he has receivedRead MoreA Civilization Falls Apart Essay1167 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMost of what we know to be African Literature, talks about the changes from an un-dignified lion -chasing culture to that of a semi-dignified European society. The novel Things Fall Apart by Nigerian-born author Chinua Achebe, tells the story of a Umuofian villager named Okonkwo, and how Okonkwo has to come to grips with the changes that are happening in everyday Ibo life. The novel Things Fall Apart is not your typical tall African tale. The novel is a story, a story not just about one personRead MoreChinua Achebe : The Invention And Mastery Of Modern African Literature1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2015 TITLE In her essay Chinua Achebe: The Invention and Mastery of Modern African Literature Emeka Aniagolu labels Chinua Achebe as Ã¢â¬Å"the single most important literary figure in modern African literatureÃ¢â¬ (1). Aniagolu goes on to praise Achebe as Ã¢â¬Å"perhaps the most well-known, most widely read, most translated, and most widely respected modern African writer, novelist and polemical essayistÃ¢â¬ , especially considering he as been crowned as the inventor of modern African literature (1). The praise he hasRead MoreThe Book Things Fall Apart Is One Of AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢S Most Significant1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s most significant works of literature. Because of its unique spin on European colonialism from an African tribesmanÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective and its eloquent use of Igbo vocabulary, the volume continually draws in readers from various backgrounds and locations. Attention to detail and foreshadowing are common throughout the book; zeroing in on certain motifs an d themes relating to African culture. One motif examined throughout the novel is chi. Author Chinua Achebe expresses the conflict between whether
Question: Discuss about the Globalization and Digital Disruption Systems. Answer: Introduction: The progress of science in the present age has attached the tag of digital in the civilization. Except the remote areas, each corner of the Australian threshold is trapped under the digital vibes. Thanks to the attempts undertaken by the technological industry to gift innovative quality devices to the public domain (Bbc.com 2017). The outcome of these attempts is the escalation in the sales revenue of the companies, which has added a modern touch in the life of the public domain. This essay excavates the negative impacts of the globalized digitalization in the film industry, which broadens the scope and arena of this essay. The points placed in the introduction bears resemblance with the functionality of digitalization. The adoption of technologically advanced machines has brought technological advancement for the companies and organizations. As a matter of specification, with the effective and judicious utilization of these machines, the concept of manual labor has almost become extinct. Overall, digitalization has brought a modern touch to the business transactions within almost all of the industries, including the film industry (Valacich, Schneider Jessup 2012). The selection of film industry is an innovative concept, which fulfils the entertainment needs of the public domain. Attachment of the concept of disruption in this context deprives the public of quality entertainment, which is crucial after a hard days labor. In the past ages, only black and white films were produced. This was due to the absence of technologically advanced machines. However, with the advancement of civilization and technology, colors were added to the films to produce quality films. These transformations can be correlated with the life cycle of the individuals. Countering this, colors generate an urge among the infants to explore many new things, which lacked in the films of the earlier time. In other words, films in earlier times lacked digitalization, which is present in the films of the present age (Belton 2012). The major drive behind this is the presence of skilled and efficient producers and directors, who aim to add innovation to the lives of the individuals. Adoption of radio chromic films acts as a typical example of digitalization within the film industry. As a matter of specification, these radiochromic films have enabled the production staffs to develop films within spacious screens (Lewis et al., 2012). The radiations used for scanning the films are so advanced that they bring to the forefront the faults in a single examination. In order to make judicious utilization of the radiations, standards have been developed by the management staffs. Effective adherence to these standards enables the personnel to achieve the results within a short span of time. Bearing in mind the specifications of the electrical radiations adds to the management of the screening, which results in the production of quality films. Herein, lays the projection of the true essence of calibration. Non-compliance to the standards might compel the staffs to encounter hazardous instanced, which aggravates the health issues of the personnel (Lewis et al., 2012). Viewi ng it from other perspectives, this deprives the public domain of viewing films in high resolutions screens. This non-compliance might deprive the public of their visionary functionalities. In this respect, conjunction can be established with the word disruption, which aligns with the requirements of the essay. Placement of focus on Australia contradicts the globalized effect of digitalization in the whole universe. The verb globalized paves a new way in the field of digitalization. According to the revelations of (Bbc.com 2017), the media industry of Australia achieves the tag of visual effects industry. This is due to the modernization of the approach towards the production of the films. Within this, the aspect of three dimensional can in included. The production of three dimensional films have provided a thrilling experience to the public in the theatres as well as their homes. Herein, lays the conjunction with the book, Digital 3D cinema: Digital cinema's missing novelty phase. Projection of films in high resolution screens adds to the three dimensional effects, which serves the entertainment needs of the public (Belton 2012). Herein, lays the appropriateness of qualifying the reign of film industry as a novelty phase. Their wonder at the picture quality is equal to earning profit for t he film industry as a whole. The major drive behind this is the possession of fine quality screens, which accumulates the pictures in perfect alignment. Maintenance of these screens is of utmost importance. Degrading quality of the screens adversely affects the production, which deprives the humans of their entertainment needs. This aspect correlates with the word missing in the name of the book (Belton 2012). Here missing implies the misutilization of the available technology, which bears correlation with the action of disruption. These linkages broaden the scope and arena of the essay requirements. Piracy is considered as one of the other components of disruption. Delving deep into the concept of piracy, it destroys the individual talents of the producers. Countering this, pirated films sometimes act as a savior for the film industry in terms of increasing the sales revenue. The earlier sentence contradicts the true functions of copyright. Pirated films compel the personnel to encounter losses in terms of film downloads and online views (Scaria 2014). This is also a loss in terms of online marketing for the film industry. These outcomes highlight the negative outcomes for the film industry and opens up a different way for the fulfillment of the requirements of the essay. The cultural parameter of the book contradicts the usual conventions of the business. Within this, privacy acts as a deviation. Viewing it from another perspective, carrying out pirated activities degrades the personal status of the individuals as well as the industry as a whole. Countering this, adoption of co pyright authenticates and validates the business transactions of the film industry. Film production is a vast concept, which includes various parameters such as picture screening, music launch, costumes and many more. The parameter of music gets highlighted in the online article entitled, Is streaming technology saving the music industry? The effect of the technological advancement is so widespread that its repercussions can be found within the music industry (Bbc.com 2017). The selection of the music industry might act as a deviation from the essay requirements; however, it broadens the perspectives that help in speculating the real outcomes of the modernized technology, rather globalized technology. The adjective streaming can be linked with the experiments with the radiations, which produce fine picture quality to be projected in the films. The question mark raises doubts over the future of the film industry with the utilization of the available technology. The action of saving might generate hope in terms of extending a helping hand towards these industries. Cou ntering this, judicious utilization of the available technology, acts as an appropriate address towards the question proposed by the article. Taking a cue from this article, exposure of negligence attitude towards the judicious utilization might make the position of the personnel vulnerable (Bbc.com 2017). Herein, correlation can be established with the article entitled, Will globalization take away your job? The questioning tone of this article aligns with the vulnerability of the designation of the film industry personnel. Critical review of both the article projects the uncertainty in terms of a bright and prospective future with the means of technological globalization. Counter arguing this critical reflection, incapability towards judicious utilization of the available technology aligns with the action of interplay based on employment grounds (Bbc.com 2017). In view of the diversified effects of globalization, the questioning tone of the above articles is contradicted. Herein, lays the effectiveness of the ways adopted by the companies to bring innovation within the design of the products. Specific example in this direction is the declaration of smart cities through the provision of free Wi-Fi. Access of internet from every corner of Australia is itself an evidence of the globalised effect of digitalization. Throughout the essay, it has been established that judicious utilization of the available technology projects the true essence of the terms digitalization. Effective adherence to the norms of the regulatory framework acts as a protective cover watch for the film industry in terms of maintaining the balance between the production activities. As a matter of specification, presence of carbon footprints in the screens or radiations relates with the word dirt in the book entitled, Dirt Research for Media Industries (Acland 2014). The research links to the experimentation with the qualities of the screens for producing refined quality films. Mitigation of adopting wrong ways would itself reduce the dirt from the business activities of the film industry. Further, promoting fake information about the activities of the industry would enhance its popularity. Market research possesses enough flexibility to inform the personnel of the film industry about the technologically advanced machines. As a sequential step, creation and development of plans for knowing the operations of the machines would help the staffs to calculate the effectiveness of the device in terms of the business requirements of the industry (Valacich, Schneider Jessup 2012). Most importantly, bearing in mind the specific needs and demands of the customer would act assistance in producing quality films. Furthermore, adoption of social media marketing would act as a direct alignment with the globalized effect of digitalization in the film industry of Australia. The essay emerges successful in speculation of the proposed issue of globalization and digitalization. The major drive behind this is the return to the introductory issue at the end of the essay. Herein, lays the major drive behind this success. References Acland, C. R. (2014). Dirt Research for Media Industries.Media Industries,1(1). bbc.com (2017) Is Streaming technology saving the music industry?. Retrieved 30 March 2017, from https://www.bbc.com/news/business-28023116 Bbc.com (2017) The Rise of Australian visual effects industry. Retrieved 30 March 2017, from https://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-31545807 Bbc.com (2017) Will globalization take away your job?. Retrieved 30 March 2017, from https://www.bbc.com/news/business-38600270 Belton, J. (2012). Digital 3D cinema: Digital cinema's missing novelty phase.Film History: An International Journal,24(2), 187-195. Lewis, D., Micke, A., Yu, X., Chan, M. F. (2012). An efficient protocol for radiochromic film dosimetry combining calibration and measurement in a single scan.Medical physics,39(10), 6339-6350. Scaria, A. G. (2014).Piracy in the Indian Film Industry: Copyright and Cultural Consonance. Cambridge University Press. Valacich, J. S., Schneider, C., Jessup, L. M. (2012).Information systems today: Managing in the digital world. Prentice Hall.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Skinheads Abstract essay Need essay sample on "Skinheads" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed In todays age of mass communication and lightning fast transmission of news and information, there are very few people who are not influenced by the generalizations that exist in society due to media coverage, rumor, and fear. A perfect example of this is the case of when inpiduals with shaved heads, wearing combat boots and blue jeans, with a few tattoos added for good measure are categorically identified as Skinheads, and automatically assumed to be violent racists, Nazis, and the like. In reality, while most Skinheads, as they have come to be known, are far from harmless, those who fit the previously mentioned description can be different from their counterparts elsewhere. In this paper, the Skinhead Movement will be traced from its origins to the present day; along the way, the global reach of these inpiduals, the possibility of their role as terrorists, and what the future holds for them will be discussed. Ultimately, the researcher will have presented a well rounded and balanced analysis of Skinheads, and their movement, upon completion of the paper. The Birth of the Skinhead Movement Before one can fully understand what genuine Skinheads represent and their impact on the world, a trip back in time is necessary to see exactly what kind of a mindset gave rise to the Skinhead Movement. Generally speaking, all true Skinhead factions can trace their lineage back to the early 20th century and the movements of the ultra-conservative right wing and fascism. More specifically, as the 20th century progressed, political activists like Russias Black Hundred advocated the overthrow of the established political order in favor of forms of government which advocated racism and violence as a means of gaining control of power (Lutz). Ultimately, this ideology would be embraced by a young Austrian named Adolf Hitler, who used genocide, violence, and deadly force to increase the power of his National Socialist, or Nazi party, and create what he envisioned to be a Master Race of blonde haired, blue eyed, Caucasians who were genetically superior. This Master Race, Hitler theorized, would rule the world for 1,000 years (Lutz). When Hitler was defeated in World War II, culminating with his suicide, there were those who still embraced the cause of Nazism and held out hope for its rebirth, although it would be inaccurate to say that they were Skinheads, just as it would be inaccurate to say that all Skinheads are Nazis. To study the birth of the Skinhead movement, one needs to fast forward to the Great Britain of the 1960s and move forward. Great Britain of the 1960s was a land of tremendous change; having just emerged from the destruction of World War II. The children who were born in the period immediately after World War II were entering their formative teenage years in the 1960s, and like most teenagers throughout history, sought to form their own cultural identity. Because of this identity search, these teens eventually discovered the mod style of dress and music taste popularized by Brits who wished to make a bold cultural statement in the late 1950s (Brown), with one notable exception- teens began not to wear their hair in an uncongenial style, but to either shave their heads completely or to shave their heads to the point where virtually no hair was left- hence the term Skinhead. At this point, the original birth of the Skinhead, the term simply referred to the appearance and musical taste of the inpiduals, rather than some sort of political statement or ideology. However, the Skinheads would soon become known for a lot more than music and appearance, as their need to find acceptance made them easy prey for others with more sinister motives than a good time and wild looking appearances. Eventually, on a global scale, Skinheads would take on, and be known for, other activities and values. Global Reach of Skinhead Groups Strangely enough, studies of the typical Skinhead show that they are not traditionally from the lowest socioeconomic tier of a given population, but more often than not, are from middle or even upper class families, but somehow have found themselves disillusioned with the path that their elders have chosen for them and seek a way to rebel. A broad act of rebellion that brought about an evolution in the Skinhead movement came with the Punk Craze that hit Britain in the 1970s. By the 1970s, Skinheads were positioned to move beyond Britain and to change their characteristics; these changes came about mostly due to the proliferation of Punk music, which by its very nature featured loud guitars and screaming anthems of rebellion and violence. A mutual love of this music between the rebellious youth of Britain and Germany eventually led to a sort of cultural exchange between the nations, and with it, an exportation of the ideas of white supremacy and old fashioned Nazism from the fringes of German society to the fringes of British society (Brown).It was through this process that the Skinhead Movement became universally and permanently linked with racism and violence, whether correct or not. When the worst aspects of the lowest common denominator of the Skinhead population were spread through the international media and popular culture, the stereotype of all Skinheads being racists and Nazi sympathizers grew. In fairness, however, Skinheads range in political ideology from the white supremacists of the political far right to those who fight for equality among the races on the far left, with many varieties in between (Braun). In other words, there are as many different mindsets among Skinheads as there are among normal society, but there are situations where Skinheads are linked to terrorist activities. The possibility that Skinheads could drive terrorist activities on a global scale is very real and merits additional discussion. Skinheads as Terrorists Strong evidence exists to show that Skinheads are responsible for a large amount of global terror, such as racism, sexism, ethnocentric thinking, and the like; this form of terrorism is not limited to a certain geographic area, but can be found in such global regions as Europe, the Americas, United Kingdom, and so forth (Baron). As widespread as these groups are, and despite the fact that they may never actually meet each other, the far right extremist wing of the Skinhead Movement are terrorists by definition, and advocate racial/ethnic segregation, genocide to remove the weak, sickly and elderly from the population, and the promotion of the type of Master Race that Hitler devoted his life to a generation ago. One of the major catalysts that has given the Skinhead Movement, especially the more extreme factions of it such strength in numbers is the ability of manipulative inpiduals to capture the allegiance of disenfranchised youths from all corners of the earth and induct them into The Skinhead Nation as it has come to be known. This is done through the promise of the respect and independence that they may not receive at home with their parents, mixed with the ability to listen to the music that they prefer, dress the way they like, and basically run wild and free-provided they fulfill their responsibilities to the Skinhead Nation, which ultimately become violent and racist in nature (Hamm). With the extremists of the Skinhead Movement firmly entrenched, and indications that the movements worst aspects will continue to grow as time goes by, the question arises as to where the Skinhead Movement will advance in the future. The Future of the Skinhead Movement While there are indications that the Skinhead Nation is growing in members and popularity, there is one thing that holds a slight ray of hope for those who wish to see the violent faction come to an end- a lack of organized leadership. While there are pockets of Skinheads worldwide, there is no unified leadership to bring them to a state of widespread power or status, which may in fact be the saving grace for the civilized world (Braun). This is vitally important as an issue of international security. Summary This paper, in an effort to explore the Skinhead phenomenon, has utilized historical context, comparison and contrast to show that Skinheads vary in beliefs, values and geographic location, but all Skinhead groups possess one common attribute that is perhaps the most important to be understood by the readers of this paper- potential for incredible brutality and disruption of the common good. The turbulent times of the 21st century have made it possible for any loosely organized group to seize power, and the Skinheads are no exception. Therefore, in closing, it is essential for all nations to keep a vigilant eye open to prevent Skinheads, or anyone else, to violate the freedom of decent people everywhere. Skinheads, as citizens of a civilized world, must be able to respect the rights of others if they are to be permitted to free expression, and in this concept lays the key to world peace- the age old ideal of respect. Then, and only then, can the world truly know peace. Works Cited Baron, Stephen W. "Canadian Male Street Skinheads: Street Gang or Street Terrorists?." The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology 34.2 (1997): 125+. Questia. 27 Nov. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5000574314>. Braun, Aurel, and Stephen Scheinberg, eds. The Extreme Right: Freedom and Security at Risk. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997. Brown, Timothy S. "Subcultures, Pop Music and Politics: Skinheads and "Nazi Rock" in England and Germany." Journal of Social History 38.1 (2004): 157+. Questia. 27 Nov. 2006 . Hamm, Mark S. American Skinheads The Criminology and Control of Hate Crime. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1994. Lutz, James M., and Brenda J. Lutz. Global Terrorism. New York: Routledge, 2004. Moore, Jack B. Skinheads Shaved for Battle: A Cultural History of American Skinheads. Bowling Green, OH: Bowling Green State University Popular Press, 1993.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Developing Leadership Character Essays - Human Resource Management Developing Leadership Character by : Mary Crossan , Jeffrey Gandz , Gerard Seijts , Gerard Seijts , Jeffrey Gandz , Gerard Seijts , Jeffrey Gandz Issues: January / February 2012 . The sum of virtues, values and traits equals good character, which, in addition to competence and commitment, is one of the 3 ingredients that make a leader effective and respected. For many, however, virtues, values and traits remain indefinable, even elusive. These authors not only define them, they also de-construct them, in the process demonstrating how character fuels people in their personal journeys to become better leaders. In assessing leaders at any level in an organization, we must always ask three questions: Do they have the competencies to be a leader? Do they have the knowledge, the understanding of key concepts, facts, and relationships that they need to do the job effectively? Do they have the commitmen t to be a leader? Yes, they aspire to be a leader, but are they prepared to do the hard work of leadership, engage with others in fulfilling the organizational mission, achieve the vision and deliver on the goals? Do they have the character to be a good leader and strive to be an even better one? Do they have the values, traits and virtues that others - shareholders, employees, customers, suppliers, regulators and the broader society within which they operate - will use to determine if they are good leaders? Figure 1: Leadership Competencies, Character and Commitment We have documented previously the types of knowledge, skills, understanding and judgment that leaders need, grouping them into four competencies - strategic, business, organizational and people [ 1] . Underpinning these competencies is general intellect (see Figure 1). We have also talked elsewhere about the importance of leaders having the commitment to lead and the problems that are caused when people in leadership roles no longer want to do the hard work of leadership and become disengaged from what is happening in the organization, while they still enjoy the status, privileges and perks of office. In this article, we want to focus on leadership character, not because it is necessarily more important than competencies and commitment, but because it is the most difficult to define, measure, assess and develop. Our intent is to define those dimensions of leadership character that are most important in today's rapidly changing and turbulent business environment, an d suggest how character can be developed. Why Character Matters In any bookstore you will find dozens of books on leadership style, far fewer on leadership competencies, and fewer still that address leadership character . [ 2] For some reason we have lost sight of character. Perhaps this is because our educational system and organizations are so competency focused; perhaps because we just don't know what to think about character; perhaps because character seems such an old-fashioned word; perhaps because we are reluctant to discuss examples of poor character with our colleagues in the workplace, or because we believe we cannot assess character objectively. Yet character is such a central, important element of leadership particularly for the kind of cross-enterprise leadership that is essential in complex, global business organizations which it should not and cannot be ignored. Character fundamentally shapes how we engage the world around us, what we notice, what we reinforce, who we engage in conversation, what we value, what we choose to act on, how we decideand the list goes on. Our own research on the failures of leadership points to issues around character as a central theme [ 3] . Nowhere was this more obvious than in the financial crisis of 2008 - 2009, in which boldness or instant gratification triumphed over temperance. People who knew that bad risks were being taken did not have the courage and/or confidence to speak up, and people without integrity sold mortgages to those who could not pay them. They then bundled these mortgages into securities that were fraudulent and sold to others. People with large egos, lacking in humility, oblivious to the harm they may have been be doing to others or the societies in which they operated, became very rich at the expense of millions who were the victims of the financial
Saturday, February 29, 2020
Canterbury Tales And Lady Bath Essay Many characters in The Canterbury Tales are only described in the smallest detail. Only a handful are given a physical description and even fewer are actually given names to go by. A character that has a most descriptive detail and also one, whom has a name, is Alice, the Wife of Bath. This majestic lady is very proud of what she has accomplished in life. Also, to defend her ways she uses logic and reason, Chauncer also, never judges her like he does to many other characters, but lets her speak for herself. Although one would imagine the Lady of Bath to be ashamed of her way of life, she simply is not. With her four dead ex-husbands, she has received plenty of money and valuables. While married, Chauncer gives the impression that Alice also had many affairs. These affairs have almost definitely added to her personal wealth. Married now to her fifth husband, who is much younger, because of love and not just dependent on how much money he has. Throughout Alices storytelling, the characters tend to attack her. She simply comes back using simple logic and reasoning. Her basic method of thinking is that if god did not want one to have sex, he would not of given the human race the ability to do so. The ladies behaviour is also very up-front and she enjoys talking a great deal. Yet with having this sort of an attitude, it gives the reader a real look at one of the most described and interesting characters that Chauncer writes about. Most other characters from The Canterbury Tales are judged by Chauncers personal standards and the standards from that particular time period. Alice, the Wife of Bath however, is not judged like this. Chauncer lets the reader decide how to judge her and create her image. He also uses very little irony and sarcasm when he, and other characters talk about Alice. Chauncer simply lets the reader decide how to judge her from telling of her behaviour that was most unusual for that time period. The reader can easily create an accurate judgment of her, mainly because of her up-front attitude towards many aspects of life. As seen, the great Alice, Wife of Bath, is proud of her lifestyle and will go to great lengths to defend it. She is also the only character that the reader can judge for himself or herself with little input from Chauncer. Perhaps being the most described character from the novel gives one the impression that she could also be one of the most important. Her introduction in the prologue, which is one of the longest, also indicated this. All of these characteristics combined; let one visualize a grand picture of this lady.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
ECONOMICS - Essay Example It will be indeed an insightful experience to delve on the ideologies and factors that made the Western Europe the crucible of economic development, social welfare and political liberalism, while pushing the Eastern Europe in the background, marred by economic underdevelopment, large scale dearth and poverty and pervasive autocratic regimes. The good thing is that one could readily identify a series of salient influences responsible for such massive differences in these two land masses. However, it is not strictly possible to arrange these events and influences in a sharp and certain chronological arrangement because many of them tend to overlap each other. Hence, in an academic scenario, the disparities between what is known as the Western Civilization and its twin brother, the Eastern Europe are to a large extent the progeny of a range of influences and events like the Industrial Revolution, the interplay of capitalism and communism, the Soviet Revolution, the Great Depression, Wor ld War II, Cold War, Globalization, to name just a few. Industrial Revolution indeed happened to be a turning point in the history of 19th century Europe. However, the historical literature is replete with conjectures as to what made the Industrial Revolution have such a widespread sway in the Western Europe and North America, while it left the Eastern Europe largely untouched. Industrial Revolution that began in Britain soon spread across Western Europe and North America. One plausible reason why the Industrial Revolution had its genesis in the Western Europe is the cultural and economic influences of Renaissance that left the Western Europe in possession of the requisite capital and the popular mindset required to fuel it (Stearns 5). In contrast the Eastern Europe largely remained bereft of such influences. Besides, the Western Europe was less stymied by autocratic regimes, absolute monarchies and political instability, unlike the Eastern Europe, which allowed the Western nations to dedicate their efforts and resources to the task of fomenting economic growth and development (Stearns 54). Contrary to this the Eastern Europe evinced much political instability in the times which if given a change could have drastically altered its economy and culture. The socio-political environment of the 19th century Western Europe was amply conducive for the technological breakthroughs that fueled the Industrial Revolution (Stearns 44). Besides, the influx of the Industrial Revolution in the Western Europe gave way to a propitious cycle that led to widespread alterations in the cultural norms and values, making the West European nations more egalitarian, progressive and forward looking. Yet, this was not the case with Eastern Europe that largely remained parochial, insulated and agricultural, failing to open up its gates to the influences that were altering its Western sibling. The other big factor that stimulated the Industrial Revolution in the Western Europe was the fac t that the nations in this region happened to be dominant colonizing powers that had under their sway many colonies that furnished the much needed resources and raw materials required to support the ongoing Industrial Revolution (Stearns 36). In contrast the East European nations had no record of being colonizing powers, a factor that could have made them look for inspiration beyond their borders. The other big fa